A kaftan clothing or caftan is a front-buttoned coat or overdress which is usually reaching to the ankles by means of long sleeves. Caftan clothing can be made of fabric materials like Viscose, wool, cashmere, silk or cotton.
Caftans can also be worn with a sash. Sash is a strip of cloth tied around waist for dresses such as occasional ceremonial dresses.
Caftans are an alternative of the robe or tunic; it has been worn by numerous cultures all over from the world for thousands of years. The kaftan is connected with Islamic or Islamicate traditions.
Kaftan clothing were frequently worn as court robes; the brilliance and detailed decorations of the kaftan designated the grade of the wearer. Crowned heads often gave complicated kaftans as a score of favor.
Persian robes or tunics of credit were generally known as khalat or kelat.
In Morocco, kaftans are only worn by women and not by men., Takshita is a Moroccan traditional women garment like caftan in Morocco. Caftan robes vary in several ways from their Turkish counterparts. They can be stylish casual to awfully formal, depending on the materials used.
West African kaftans
In West Africa, kaftan is called and used as a pullover robe.
In France, this robe is called as boubou. Here, Kaftans are worn by both men and women. In West Africa, the female robe is called as kaftan or as boubou and the male robe is called as the Senegalese kaftan.
In Russia the tern “kaftan” is used for another type of clothing also, which is a kind of a men’s lengthy suit with tight sleeves.
By the 19th century, Russian kaftans were the most extensively broaden category of outer clothing garments among peasants [an agricultural laborer] and merchants.
Presently Kaftans are used as ceremonial religious clothing by the most traditional party of Old Believers.
Southeast Asian kaftans
In South East Asia, kaftans are mostly worn as cool, casual hot weather outfit. Batik fabric is frequently used there.
In the late 1960s and the 1970s period, American hippie fashions often drew from ethnic styles which also include Kaftans. At that time, African-styles Kaftans like Dashikis were more popular particularly among African-Americans.
Street styles were appropriated by fashion designers, who marketed plentiful Moroccan-style kaftans as hostess gowns for casual at-home amusing.